URBAN SOCIOLOGY AS AN AID TO URBAN PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT: SOME RESEARCH STRATEGIES

MAN, AS A THINKING BEING, RELATES TO HIS SPATIAL ENVIRONMENT BOTH IN HIS MIND AND IN HIS ACTUAL PRESENCE. THIS GIVES RISE TO TWO APPROACHES TO RESEARCH, BOTH NECESSARY: MENTAL CONGRUENCE AND EXPERIMENTIAL CONGRUENCE BETWEEN PEOPLE AND THEIR ENVIRONMENT. WHILE FUNDAMENTALLY DIFFERENT, THEY COMPLEMENT EACH OTHER. MENTAL CONGRUENCE EXISTS IF AN INDIVIDUAL THINKS THAT PARTICULAR SPATIAL PATTERNS WILL SUCCESSFULLY ACCOMMODATE HIS PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS, VALUES, AND STYLE OF LIFE. EXPERIMENTIAL CONGRUENCE, ON THE OTHER HAND, DEALS WITH HOW WELL THE ENVIRONMENT ACTUALLY ACCOMMODATES THE CHARACTERISTICS AND BEHAVIOR OF PEOPLE. RESEARCH STUDIES ON MENTAL CONGRUENCE AND EXPERIENTIAL CONGRUENCE ARE REPORTED. RESEARCH AS DESCRIBED CAN SERVE AN INSTRUMENTAL ROLE IN DESIGNING FUTURE CITIES THROUGH IMAGINATIVE USE OF STRATEGIES AND TECHNIQUES PRESENT IN THE LARGER FIELD OF SOCIOLOGY. IT MUST STUDY PEOPLE'S MENTAL AND EXPERIENTIAL RELATIONS TO BASIC ARRANGEMENTS OF SPACE WHICH EXIST TODAY AND WHICH MAY BE RECREATED MORE EFFECTIVELY IN THE FUTURE BY DIFFERENT DESIGN TECHNOLOGIES. SOME STRATEGIES THAT APPEAR FRUITFUL TOWARD THAT END ARE THE SEMIPROJECTIVE GAME IN INTERVIEWING FOR OPINIONS, THE LONGITUDINAL FACTOR IN THE DESIGN OF STUDIES TO ASSESS THE EFFECTS OF SPATIAL ARRANGEMENTS, AND THE USE OF TIME AND ACTIVITY BUDGETS TO ACCOUNT FOR RELEVANT BEHAVIOR AND STRUCTURAL VARIABLES.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Vol 34, No 2, PP 105-108, 18 REF
  • Authors:
    • Michelson, W
  • Publication Date: 1968-3

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  • Accession Number: 00239806
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 1 1994 12:00AM