HIGHWAYS AND PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION TODAY, IN ALL BUT A HANDFUL OF THE LARGEST CITIES, IS BEING PROVIDED EXCLUSIVELY BY BUSES ON HIGHWAYS. BUSES ACCOUNT FOR ABOUT THREE-FOURTHS OF THE NATION'S URBAN MASS TRANSPORTATION, ON A PERSON TRIP BASIS, THUS THE MAJORITY OF PUBLIC MASS TRANSPORTATION IS BEING OPERATED IN TOTAL DEPENDENCE ON THE CONTRIBUTION MADE BY AN IMPROVED HIGHWAY NETWORK. THE ROLE OF BUSES IS DESCRIBED IN URBAN HIGHWAY TRANSPORTATION. THE BUREAU OF PUBLIC ROADS FEELS THAT EFFECTIVELY HANDLED, BUSES ON FREEWAYS CAN OFFER THE TYPE OF RAPID TRANSIT NEEDED TO LURE MOTORISTS AWAY FROM THEIR CARS DURING THEIR PEAK-LOAD COMMUTING HOURS. THE FEDERAL-AID PROGRAM FOR TRAFFIC OPERATIONS IMPROVEMENTS IN THE URBAN CITIES INCLUDE SUCH THINGS AS SEPARATE BUS LANE CONTROLS AND LANES FOR LOADING TRANSIT PASSENGERS, INCLUDING PLATFORMS AND SHELTERS. ON SHIRLEY HIGHWAY (INTERSTATE 95) BETWEEN NORTHERN VIRGINIA AND THE NATION'S CAPITAL, TWO REVERSIBLE LANES RUNNING A DISTANCE OF FOUR MILES ARE BEING USED EXCLUSIVELY BY BUSES DURING THE RUSH HOURS. THIS SAVES 12 TO 18 MINUTES RUNNING TIME, AND HAS BOOSTED RIDERSHIP 15 TO 20%. ASSOCIATED WITH THE RESERVE BUS LANE PROPOSALS ARE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FRINGE PARKING, NEW BUS ROUTES, AND A DOWNTOWN WASHINGTON CIRCULATION PLAN. A DEMONSTRATION PROJECT IS STARTING IN SEATTLE INVOLVING USE OF EXPRESS BUSES ON SIX MILES OF INTERSTATE 5 IN THE HEART OF THE CITY. AT THE RESIDENTIAL END A PARKING LOT WILL ACCOMMODATE 550 CARS. AT THE DOWNTOWN END, THE BUSES WILL USE AN EXCLUSIVE ON-OFF RAMP, AND FOR PICKUPS IN THE EVENING RUSH HOUR, AN EXCLUSIVE WRONG-WAY LANE ON A ONE-WAY STREET. IN CALIFORNIA THERE IS A PROPOSAL INVOLVING THE SAN BERNARDINO FREEWAY IN THE LOS ANGELES AREA WHICH CALLS FOR AN EXCLUSIVE BUS ROADWAY, PARTLY IN THE MEDIAN AND PARTLY ADJACENT TO INTERSTATE 10 FOR A DISTANCE OF APPROXIMATELY 12 MILES. A 2-YEAR FEASIBILITY STUDY OF A PROPOSED BUS ROADWAY AS PART OF A BUS RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM IN MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN, IS NEARING COMPLETION. TO ACHIEVE THE OBJECTIVE OF INCREASED URBAN MOBILITY, THE FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION IS ASSISTING IN CONSTRUCTION OF HIGHWAY FACILITIES FOR PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT OF BUSES.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Vol 66, No 4, PP 21-24
  • Publication Date: 1970-7

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00239295
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 28 1970 12:00AM