Experimental study of the effect of water injection on the cycle performance of an internal-combustion Rankine cycle engine

The internal-combustion Rankine cycle engine uses pure oxygen instead of air as the oxidant during the combustion process so as to preclude the creation of nitrogen oxide emissions. Carbon dioxide can be recovered from the water vapour–carbon dioxide exhaust gas mixture through condensation at a relatively low cost and, thus, an ultra-low-emission working cycle is achieved. In this paper the working process of the internal-combustion Rankine cycle was studied on the basis of bench tests on a prototype engine. An oxygen–carbon dioxide mixture was utilized to simulate exhaust gas recirculation in order to control the combustion process, and water was injected near top dead centre to determine the impact on the reaction rate and the cycle performance. The results demonstrated that water injected at a temperature of 120 °C can modulate the reaction rate and expand the area of the pressure–volume diagram through vaporization. Furthermore, combustion phasing is retarded without reducing the maximum cylinder pressure. The indicated work under the test conditions is increased by 7.8%. However, when the water-injection temperature is 20 °C, the cycle performance is reduced.


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  • Accession Number: 01521613
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 26 2014 1:45PM