Improving Trade and Transport for Landlocked Developing Countries: World Bank contributions to implementing the Almaty Programme of Action: A report preparing the ten-year comprehensive review

The Almaty initiative addresses the specific needs of landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) and targets their access problem. This is the single biggest constraint to poverty reduction and economic integration of landlocked countries, which are among the poorest and the most fragile countries that the World Bank intervenes with. The present document is a short overview for policy makers of the World Bank’s contribution, and an analysis of the current constraints, priorities, and solutions that should be considered. Section One provides a comparison of LLDCs and transit countries in terms of trade performance. It particularly focuses on the growth of total trade and gross domestic product per capita in light of trade openness and export diversification. This is followed in Section Two by an assessment of logistics performance and trade costs of landlocked countries, and their transit and coastal neighbors, on the basis of the Logistics Performance Index. The operational challenges for traders in LLDCs, including unreliable supply chains and delays, as well the underlying causes, are discussed in Section Three. Section Four then focuses on the various activities of the World Bank to address the key priorities of the Almaty Programme, with a focus on regional integration and trade facilitation. In continuation, Section Five highlights some of the regional integration and trade facilitation projects and initiatives that are being implemented.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 52p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01518740
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 83235
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 13 2014 1:15PM