SYNTHETIC LIQUID FUELS FROM COAL AND WOOD
A general background review reveals that converting coal or wood to synthetic petroleum fuel is at the present time not economically feasible. Nevertheless, many economists, political scientists, and demographers believe that the process should be made operable in order to keep a ceiling on the price of imported crude oil. It is estimated, based on 1974 prices, that modern plants could produce synthetic crude oil at a cost of seven dollars fifty cents per barrel from strip mined coal. The critical resource concerns for coal liquefaction are: (1) strippable coal; (2) water; and (3) the personnel for construction and operation of the plants. Following a brief discussion of these concerns, this report presents a technical summary of the specific processes, including (a) direct hydrogeneration, (B) extraction processes, (C) partial conversion, (D) indirect conversion to naphthas, gas oils, and other related hydrocarbons, and (E) methanol by indirect conversion. Also included are discussions on the economic and financial aspects, the environmental impact, and the societal impact. The report concludes with a listing of items to be pursued in future research and development programs. Appendices include the following: (A) selected information on the hydrogenation process; (B) selected material from a research and development report by the Office of Coal Research, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, pertaining to a projected large coal liquefaction plant; and (C) two pages from a Conoco Company publication on the methanol process.
- This Engineering Experiment Station report was prepared for the Governor's Energy Task Force, State of New Mexico, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501.
New Mexico State University, Las CrucesDepartment of Chemical Engineering
Las Cruces, NM United States 88001
- Thode, E F
- Publication Date: 1974-5-27
- Features: Appendices; Figures; Tables;
- Pagination: 35 p.
- Issue Number: 86
- TRT Terms: Coal; Coal hydrogenation; Costs; Development; Economic impacts; Energy; Environmental impacts; Fuels; Industrial plants; Liquefaction; Methanol; Personnel; Research; Social factors; Synthetic fuels; Water; Wood
- Uncontrolled Terms: Conversion; Research and development
- Subject Areas: Economics; Energy; Environment; Finance; Highways; Research; Society;
- Accession Number: 00260981
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: NMSU-EES-86-74 Tech Rpt.
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Sep 30 1974 12:00AM