The Development and Calibration of a Model for Urban Travel Time Distributions

Travel times on the urban roadways are intrinsically uncertain. For known traffic conditions, a wide travel time distribution can be observed. Among all the components of travel times, delays incurred when approaching intersections constitute a large part of travel times that vehicles experience in urban trips. In this article, a model is presented for the delay distribution function for an urban trip with two fixed-time controlled intersections. Most parameters of the model are related to traffic control and flows, which can be directly calibrated from observations. The overflow queue distribution provides important parameters in the delay distribution function that have to be calibrated indirectly from traffic measurements, for example, from the measured delays and flows. Based on the directly observed and estimated model parameters, the delay distribution can be reconstructed. This article discusses the calibration procedure for delays. Two parameter estimation methods, namely, maximum likelihood (ML) and least squares (LS), are applied to estimate the overflow queue distribution from sample data simulated by VISSIM. Results show that estimation accuracy is not so susceptible to the choice of the estimation methods, sampling techniques, and sample size. The proposed delay model is able to successfully capture the delay process.


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  • Accession Number: 01523339
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 3 2014 6:59PM