SOME ASPECTS OF THE INFLUENCE OF LEGISLATION ON ROAD SAFETY

This paper examines the effect on accidents of introducing legislation in three fields of road safety in Australia. Firstly, the impact of changes in drink-driving laws in various Australian states are evaluated by examining changes in detection and accident rates, resulting from the substitution of breathalyser blood-alcohol level tests for more subjective methods using "sobriety tests". There is a discussion of the relative merits of different permissible levels used in these states and it is suggested that drink-driving is as much a health problem as a traffic problem. Secondly, compulsory wearing of safety helmets for motor cyclists was introduced showing a substantial drop in fatalities, though further measures are thought necessary. Thirdly, the introduction of compulsory seat belt wearing in Victoria is discussed, in the light of the failure of publicity campaigns for voluntary-wearing. Wearing rates were improved, but many belts were improperly adjusted. Injuries have been reduced and the injury pattern has changed. The lack of comparability between statistics is discussed with a request for uniform methods of recording. Tables on vehicle ownership and accidents are appended. /TRRL/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Presented at the National Convention on Transport and Society, 191 Royal Parade, 3052 Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Society of Automotive Engineers

    485 Lexington Avenue
    New York, NY  United States  10017
  • Authors:
    • Cowley, J E
    • Raymond, A E
  • Publication Date: 0

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 34 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00260518
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Conf Paper
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 11 1974 12:00AM