MILWAUKEE COUNTY DUAL-MODE SYSTEMS STUDY--VOLUME III: SOCIO-ECONOMIC EVAULATION

A CASE STUDY APPROACH WAS EMPLOYED TO SIMULATE PATRONAGE ON THE TWO ALTERNATIVE TRANSIT SYSTEMS. A STANDARD RIDERSHIP FORECASTING APPROACH WAS USED TO DETERMINE THE RELATIVE ADVANTAGES OF CONVENTIONAL BUS AND DUAL-MODE TRANSIT VEHICLES. THE ANALYSIS REVEALED THAT A DUAL-MODE SYSTEM WOULD: (1) ATTRACT APPROXIMATELY DOUBLE THE RIDERSHIP OF BUS RAPID TRANSIT, (2) PROVIDE REDUCED TRIP TIME (APPROXIMATELY 8% LESS), (3) IMPROVE ACCESSIBILITY BY PERMITTING THE OPERATION OF SIX TIMES AS MANY ROUTES, (4) CHANGE TRIP PATTERNS, (5) REDUCE TRANSFER REQUIREMENTS, AND (6) IMPROVE DRIVER PRODUCTIVITY. A COST EFFECTIVENESS EVALUATION WAS THEN UNDERTAKEN TO COMPARE BOTH CAPITAL OPERATING COSTS FOR THE TWO POTENTIAL SYSTEMS. A BENEFIT-COST ANALYSIS WAS INCLUDED. THE STUDY REVEALED THAT COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH DUAL-MODE TRANSPORTATION WOULD BE SUBSTANTIALLY HIGHER THAN WITH CONVENTIONAL BUS RAPID TRANSIT. ANNUAL OPERATING COSTS WERE ESTIMATED TO BE APPROXIMATELY $58 MILLION AND $21 MILLION, RESPECTIVELY; ANNUAL CAPITAL COSTS WERE $46 MILLION AND $12 MILLIO, RESPECTIVELY. FARES ON THE DUAL-MODE SYSTEM WILL HAVE TO BE CONSIDERABLY HIGHER. THE BENEFIT-COST ANALYSIS REVEALED THAT DIRECT TRANSPORTATION BENEFITS (EG. TIME SAVINGS, ACCIDENT REDUCTION, ELIMINATION OF PARKING COSTS, ETC.) WOULD OFFSET THE ESTIMATED SYSTEM COSTS. IN ADDITION, MAJOR INDIRECT SOCIAL BENEFITS ACCRUED FROM THE DUAL-MODE OPERATION ARE LIKELY TO YIELD A SUBSTANTIAL ECONOMIC ADVANTAGE. THE SENSITIVITY IS EXAMINED OF DUAL-MODE OPERATIONS TO FLUCTUATIONS IN RIDERSHIP, PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION, AND OTHER INDEPENDENT VARIABLES. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • PROJ NO WISC-MTD-2
  • Corporate Authors:

    Advanced Technical Center

    ,    
  • Authors:
    • Gurski, P S
  • Publication Date: 1971-12

Media Info

  • Pagination: 265 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00240140
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Final Rpt.
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Nov 7 1972 12:00AM