GROUP DYNAMICS IN THE URBAN FREEWAY DECISION PROCESS

VALUE ANALYSIS IS A STRATEGY THAT ALLOWS THE COMMUNITY TO EVALUATE THE CONSEQUENCES OF ALTERNATIVE PROPOSALS. THROUGH THE PROCESS BY WHICH CITIZENS OF THE AFFECTED COMMUNITY PARTICIPATE IN THE MAKING OF THE DECISION, RELIABLE INFORMATION IS SPREAD WIDELY THROUGHOUT THE COMMUNITY BY RESIDENTS THEMSELVES. THIS PROCESS LEADS TO A CONSISTENT PATTERN OF OPINION THAT IS IN EFFECT A COMMITMENT TO THE DECISION THAT EVOLVES. ASSISTED BY A PLANNING OFFICIAL OR CONSULTANT ACTING AS "COORDINATOR-CATALYST" AND WITH TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FROM STATE AND LOCAL PLANNERS AND CITIZEN SPECIALISTS, EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVE ROUTES WAS DONE BY PANELS OF COMMUNITY RESIDENTS. A TRANSPORTATION COMMITTEE WAS APPOINTED FROM THE COMMUNITY BY THE CITY COUNCIL TO ORGANIZE THE STUDY, PRESENT THE RESULTS, AND MAKE A RECOMMENDATION TO THE CITY COUNCIL. THROUGH DISCUSSION WITH INDIVIDUALS AND GROUPS REPRESENTING A WIDE SPECTRUM OF COMMUNITY INTERESTS EFFECTED BY THE DECISION, THE TRANSPORTATION COMMITTEE ARRIVED AT A NEGOTIATED AGREEMENT UPON THE MOST BENEFICIAL AND LEAST DETRIMENTAL ALTERNATIVE. VALUE ANALYSIS WAS FOUND TO BE AN EFFECTIVE STRATEGY FOR CITIZEN PARTICIPATION IN COMPTON, CALIFORNIA, BUT DELAYS IN THE ROUTE HEARINGS HAVE PREVENTED THE TESTING OF THE ULTIMATE EFFECT UPON COMMUNITY OPINION. THE COMMITTEE PROVIDED ALL THE INFORMATION ASKED OF IT BY COMMUNITY RESIDENTS OR GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS AND MET WITH EVERY GROUP THAT WOULD GIVE IT A HEARING. NO LATENT DISSENSION AROSE TO DIVERT PUBLIC ATTENTION FROM THE REAL DECISION TO BE MADE. WITHIN 3 YEARS, THE COMMITTEE HAD EVALUATED THE TWO PROPOSED ALIGNMENTS, NEGOTIATED FOR IMPROVEMENTS, AND SUGGESTED A NEW ROUTE AT A TIME WHEN IT COULD BE EVALUATED BY THE DIVISION OF HIGHWAYS. /HSRI/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • RTA 13945-13466 HPR-PR-1 (6) A 1002
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of California, Irvine

    Irvine, CA  United States 

    California Department of Public Works

    1120 N Street
    Sacramento, CA  United States  95814

    California Division of Highways

    Bridge Department
    Sacramento, CA  United States  05914
  • Authors:
    • Fielding, G J
  • Publication Date: 1972-7

Media Info

  • Pagination: 110 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00239754
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Federal Highway Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Final Rept
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Sep 17 1973 12:00AM