Evaluation of tone mapping operators in night-time virtual worlds

The subjective quality of a virtual world depends on the quality of displayed images. In the present paper, we address a technical aspect of image quality in virtual environments. Due to the recent development of high dynamic range (HDR) imaging in computer graphics applications, tone mapping operators (TMO) are needed in the graphic pipeline, and their impact on the final image quality needs to be tested. Previous evaluations of such operators have emphasized the fact that the specific merit of a given operator may depend on both the scene and the application. The dynamic behavior of tone mapping operators was not tested before, and we have designed two psychophysical experiments in order to assess the relevance of various TMO for a specific class of virtual worlds, outdoor scenes at night and an interactive application, to explore an outdoor virtual world at night. In a first experiment, 5 HDR video clips were tone-mapped using 8 operators from the literature, resulting in 40 videos. These 40 videos were presented to 14 subjects, which were asked to rate their realism. However, the subject?s evaluation was not a direct comparison with the HDR videos. In a second experiment, 9 HDR photographs of urban scenes at night were tone-mapped with the same 8 operators. The resulting 72 photographs were presented to 13 subjects, at the location where the photographs were taken. The subjects were asked to rate the realism of each tone-mapped image, displayed on a laptop, with respect to the physical scene they experienced. The first experiment emphasized the importance of modeling the temporal visual adaptation for a night-time application.

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  • Authors:
    • PETIT, Josselin
    • BREMOND, Roland
    • TOM, Ariane
  • Publication Date: 2012


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01497758
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Institut Francais des Sciences et Technologies des Transports, de l'Aménagement et des Réseaux (IFSTTAR)
  • Contract Numbers: RPS2S10001, Impacts des informations visuelles sur
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Nov 7 2013 11:51AM