Status and Prospects of the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Industry and Plans for Deployment of Fuel Cell Vehicles and Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure

Automobile manufacturers leading the development of mass-market fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) were interviewed in Japan, Korea, Germany and the United States. There is general agreement that the performance of FCVs with respect to durability, cold start, packaging, acceleration, refueling time and range has progressed to the point where vehicles that could be brought to market in 2015 will satisfy customer expectations. However, cost and the lack of refueling infrastructure remain significant barriers. Costs have been dramatically reduced over the past decade, yet are still about twice what appears to be needed for sustainable market success. While all four countries have plans for the early deployment of hydrogen refueling infrastructure, the roles of government, industry and the public in creating a viable hydrogen refueling infrastructure remain unresolved. The existence of an adequate refueling infrastructure and supporting government policies are likely to be the critical factors that determine when and where hydrogen FCVs are brought to market.

  • Record URL:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Center for Transportation Analysis, P.O. Box 2008
    Oak Ridge, TN  United States  37831

    HD Systems


    Department of Energy

    Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20585
  • Authors:
    • Greene, David L
    • Duleep, Gopal
  • Publication Date: 2013-7


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 52p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01499703
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: ORNL/TM-2013/222
  • Contract Numbers: DE-AC05-00OR22725
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 7 2013 11:34AM