Fatalities caused by Toxic Gases due to Fire in Road Tunnels

Smrtni slucajevi uzrokovani otrovnim plinovima zbog pozara u cestovnim tunelima

Road tunnels constitute a vital part of transport infrastructure by ensuring underground passages for vehicles and travellers, positioned on frequent corridors beneath high mountains. With respect to traffic increase, as well as the efforts made by investors to maximally exploit their buildable land, especially in crowded cities, more tunnels are being constructed in order to improve the availability and the capacity of transport systems. Nevertheless, tunnels can present a safety threat. By analysing global scientific studies, it becomes evident that as many as 90% of crashes in road tunnels result in fires, which can lead to devastating effects due to enclosed and confined space. For instance, in 1999, when a fire broke out in the Mont Blanc Tunnel between France and Italy, 39 people lost their lives. In another very similar disaster, in the Tauern Tunnel, Austria, in 2008, there were 12 people fatally injured. Training by means of many preventive activities should be more frequently represented in educational programmes designed for active and passive traffic participants. Future scientific papers could focus on achieving that safety measure, as well as to stimulate the process of treatment and evacuation of injured drivers and passengers.

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    • Abstract reprinted with permission from the publisher.
  • Authors:
    • Missoni, Eduard
    • Macura, Arijana
    • Bortas, Ivan
    • Makovic, Branko
  • Publication Date: 2013


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  • Croatian

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  • Accession Number: 01498708
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 7 2013 10:57AM