Weather Adaptive Traffic Prediction Using Neurowavelet Models

Climate change is a prevalent issue facing the world today. Unexpected increase in rainfall intensity and events is one of the major signatures of climate change. Rainfall influences traffic conditions and, in turn, traffic volume in urban arterials. For improved traffic management under adverse weather conditions, it is important to develop a traffic prediction algorithm considering the effect of rainfall. This inclusion is not intuitive as the effect is not immediate, and the influence of rainfall on traffic volume is often unrecognizable in a direct correlation analysis between the two time-series data sets; it can only be observed at certain frequency levels. Accordingly, it is useful to employ a multiresolution prediction framework to develop a weather adaptive traffic forecasting algorithm. Discrete wavelet transform (DWT) is a well-known multiresolution data analysis methodology. However, DWT imparts time variance in the transformed signal and makes it unsuitable for further time-series analysis. Therefore, the stationary form of DWT known as stationary wavelet transform (SWT) has been used in this paper to develop a neurowavelet prediction algorithm to forecast hourly traffic flow considering the effect of rainfall. The proposed prediction algorithm has been evaluated at two urban arterial locations in Dublin, Ireland. This paper shows that the rainfall data successfully augments the traffic flow data as an exogenous variable in periods of inclement weather, resulting in accurate predictions of future traffic flow at the two chosen locations. The forecasts from the neurowavelet model outperform the forecasts from the standard artificial neural network (ANN) model.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01506753
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 4 2013 3:49PM