Relative Positioning Enhancement in VANETs: A Tight Integration Approach

Position information is a fundamental requirement for many vehicular applications such as navigation, intelligent transportation systems (ITSs), collision avoidance, and location-based services (LBSs). Relative positioning is effective for many applications, including collision avoidance and LBSs. Although Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSSs) can be used for absolute or relative positioning, the level of accuracy does not meet the requirements of many applications. Cooperative positioning (CP) techniques, fusing data from different sources, can be used to improve the performance of absolute or relative positioning in a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET). VANET CP systems are mostly based on radio ranging, which is not viable, despite being assumed in much of the literature. Considering this and emerging vehicular communication technologies, a CP method is presented to improve the relative positioning between two vehicles within a VANET, fusing the available low-level Global Positioning System (GPS) data. The proposed method depends on no radio ranging technique. The performance of the proposed method is verified by analytical and experimental results. Although the principles of the proposed method are similar to those of differential solutions such as differential GPS (DGPS), the proposed technique outperforms DGPS with about 37% and 45% enhancement in accuracy and precision of relative positioning, respectively.


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  • Accession Number: 01501458
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 19 2013 9:01AM