Driving transit retention to renaissance: trends in Montreal commute public transport mode share and factors by age group and birth cohort

This paper examines the increase in public transit ridership and decline in automobile use among young people as they progress through the life cycle. Using binomial logistic regression models and controlling for household composition, location and service level factors, the study analyzes survey data from over 10,000 commute trips in Montreal. Graduated driver licensing, which Montreal adopted in 1997, appears to have significantly impacted licensure and public transport use among men. The study also indicated that transit mode share increased substantially for commuters in their 20s, and no change was seen within any birth cohorts between 1998 and 2003. The study discovered that recent young age groups used public transit more frequently than did their predecessors. Also, within birth cohorts, the public transit mode share plateau begins earlier in life than expected. The authors conclude that there is potential for mode share improvements if challenges from lifestyle changes can be addressed.


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  • Accession Number: 01498858
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 21 2013 9:12AM