An assessment of criteria used in Switzerland to refer drunk driving offenders for medical screening

This paper assesses the Swiss criteria for referring drunk driving offenders to medical and/or psychological evaluation, and to examine the prevalence of alcohol problems in this population. Data were collected using 209 consecutive cases of drivers who were referred according to the above described criteria between 2010 and 2012. We excluded patients under the influence of drugs and patients unfit for other medical reasons. The screening assessment involved written validated questionnaires (AUDIT, EVACAPA), a personal interview by specialized doctors and/or psychologists, additional questionnaires, information from the driver’s general practitioner, and results of blood alcohol markers. The conclusion of the expert evaluation based on DSM IV criteria was classified as one of four categories: fit with conditions, fit without conditions, unfit -alcohol dependence, and unfit-alcohol abuse. Only 38 subjects (18 per cent) were considered fit for driving without any restrictions, and 9 subjects (4 per cent) with conditions. The rest of drivers (78 per cent) were considered unfit to drive (alcohol dependence (47 per cent), alcohol abuse (30 per cent)). The criteria used for medical and/or psychological assessment are appropriate, considering the high rate of problem drinkers observed in this population.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 193-8
  • Monograph Title: 20th International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety Conference Proceedings, 25-28 August 2013, Brisbane Convention and Exhibition Centre, Brisbane, Australia

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01495659
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Oct 17 2013 10:11AM