Assessing pedestrian crash risk and injury severity in concentrated urban environments

The focus of this thesis was to address the pedestrian safety problem by identifying factors associated with pedestrian crash occurrence and with the severity of injuries sustained. The Central Business District (CBD) of Melbourne was selected as the case study for this research. This site has a high level of pedestrian activities and high pedestrian crash rate. The PhD research aims to address the following questions: 1. What is an appropriate design for a pedestrian road safety data system to collect the data necessary for pedestrian safety analysis in the Melbourne CBD? 2. Using the tools developed in 1, what are the risk factors for pedestrian crashes in the Melbourne CBD: a) What are the characteristics of the physical and socioeconomic environment and the transport system that influence the occurrence of pedestrian crashes? b) What are the characteristics of the physical and socioeconomic environment, the transport system, road users (drivers/pedestrians) and traffic that influence the severity of injury sustained by pedestrians in traffic crashes? A principal contribution of this research was the development of a conceptual framework for studying pedestrian safety. Findings of this research provide evidence-based insight into the pedestrian safety problem in the Melbourne CBD and have implications for other concentrated urban areas. This knowledge can be applied by road safety researchers and practitioners to modify existing design practices to achieve a safer pedestrian environment and to facilitate the Victorian Government’s strategic plan for a Safe System for all road users.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 314p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01495628
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Oct 17 2013 10:10AM