Noise and emissions in air transportation

Ruídos e emissões no transporte aéreo

The economy of a country may be notably stimulated by air transportation spillover effects. However, a negative environmental impact may be observed due to increases in noise and aircraft engine emissions. This work aims at discussing how some countries have dealt with such relevant issues. In order to reduce aircraft noise, some governments and aeronautical authorities have created differential fares and quotas for landing and taking-off procedures, according to different types of aircraft. This norm has demanded additional investments from airlines, especially on technology and aircraft renewal. ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) has suggested reducing engine emissions by implanting a carbon trade and authorizing the selling of quotas to those airlines which are not so interested in achieving such goals. The fact is that the ratio of air traffic increase and its environmental effect must be reasonably balanced. It may take some time and great efforts from aeronautical authorities to reach acceptable levels of noise and engine emissions produced by aircraft. And even thought there are important actions being taken by some countries in order to find solutions for this problem, other States, including Brazil, have not taken any significant role yet, as can be observed on the comparative tables presented by this work.

Language

  • English
  • Portuguese

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01495952
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 15 2013 2:10AM