How to evaluate the accident situation in India?

The economic development in India has led to an enormous growth of its road traffic. The official Indian accident statistics show that the number of road fatalities is one of the highest worldwide and is rapidly increasing. To cope with this trend it becomes more than essential to understand the traffic accident situation. The official Indian accident statistics only give basic information. Therefore more detailed data is needed. By using in-depth accident data and officially representative statistics the current accident situation in India can be evaluated, if a suitable weighting methodology is considered. Hence in 2009/2010 a pilot study with the collaboration partner JP-Research India pvt. Ldt. was carried out in Tamil Nadu in the south of India. In-depth accident investigations were done in the Coimbatore area on four highways. At first, the collected data was evaluated. Due to consequent and continuous further development based on the first approach a methodology similar to NASS/CDS/GES in the US and GIDAS in Germany was developed. All relevant accident related parameters including pictures and severity information were collected. Based on scaled sketches and reconstruction benefit analyses can be done in order to analyze the accident situation in India. As a first outcome influences from infrastructure, missing education and vehicle safety were identified as key parameters in order to reduce the number of accidents and casualties. To compare the accident situation with international standards an accident classification for left hand traffic was developed based on the German insurance classification system. Additional accident types were identified and added to create an Indian accident type catalogue. The positive results encouraged several OEMs to participate in this investigation and together with BOSCH a consortium was established in 2010/11. Within one year beginning in May 2011 about 200 highway accidents were collected, reported and reconstructed using the new standard. Hence a first good overview of the accident situation is available for the Coimbatore Tamil Nadu area. The major target for establishing accident investigations is the extension towards other states of India and urban areas to achieve a better overview of the accident situation. This means that local and national authorities have to be embedded in order to strengthen the awareness of traffic safety. (A) Paper to the session "Methodology of In-Depth Investigations, Part II" of the 5th International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research", 7th to 8th September 2012 in Hannover.


  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01497319
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • ISBN: 978-3-95606-021-2
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Oct 9 2013 8:58AM