A comparative study of the influence of shift factor equations on master curve construction

This paper evaluates the applicability of different shifting techniques for constructing complex modulus master curves using the time-temperature superposition principle (TTSP). A database of complex modulus results of unmodified bitumens, polymer modified bitumens (PMBs), bitumen-filler mastics, unaged and aged bitumens was used together with a Generalized Logistic Sigmoidal Model to assess the validity of seven different shifting approaches. Except for the Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chaussées (LCPC) method, the construction of master curves was done using the Generalised Logistic Sigmoidal Model and non-linear least squares regression optimization with the aid of the Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet Solver function. The goodness-of-fit for the various shifting techniques and functions was assessed through graphical and statistical methods. From the study, it was found that a numerical shift approach using non-linear least squares produced the best fit between experimental and predicted data in terms of both graphical and goodness-of-fit statistics. The ranking of the other shifting techniques consisted of the LCPC approach, followed by the William, Landel and Ferry (WLF), Modified Kaelble, Viscosity Temperature Susceptibility (VTS), Arrhenius and Log-Linear methods. However, most of theequations are basically empirical and they are not expected to be strictly obeyed by any materials. Discrepancies were still evident, evenfor the better functions, for those materials that demonstrated a deviation from the thermorheological simplicity of the rheological behaviour as found for highly structured bitumens following high degrees of polymer modification and/or oxidative ageing.

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  • Authors:
    • YUSOFF, Nur Izzi Md
    • CHAILLEUX, Emmanuel
    • AIREY, Gordon D
  • Publication Date: 2011


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01493038
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Institut Francais des Sciences et Technologies des Transports, de l'Aménagement et des Réseaux (IFSTTAR)
  • Contract Numbers: RPW0S12011, Post-oil pavement : POP
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Sep 17 2013 11:41AM