Bridge pier failure probabilities under combined hazard effects of scour, truck and earthquake. Part II: failure probabilities

A bridge will experience multiple extreme hazards during its expected service life in many regions of the world. The load and resistance factor design (LRFD) specifications of the current American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) are formulated based on failure probabilities, which are fully calibrated for dead load and non-extreme live loads. Design against earthquake load effect is established separately. Design against scour effect is also formulated separately by using the concept of capacity reduction (or increased scour depth). Furthermore, scour effect cannot be linked directly to an LRFD limit state equation because the latter is formulated using force-based analysis. This paper (in two parts) presents a probability-based procedure to estimate the combined hazard effects on bridges due to truck, earthquake and scour, by treating the effect of scour as an equivalent load effect so that it can be included in reliability-based failure calculations. In Part I of this series, the general principle for treating the scour depth as an equivalent load effect is presented. In Part II, the corresponding bridge failure probability, the occurrence of scour as well as simultaneously having both truck load and equivalent scour load effect are quantitatively discussed. The key formulae of the conditional partial failure probabilities and the necessary conditions are established. In order to illustrate the methodology, an example of dead, truck, earthquake and scour effects on a simple bridge pile foundation is represented.


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  • Accession Number: 01495033
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 16 2013 11:33AM