Impact, Fire, and Fluid Spread Code Coupling for Complex Transportation Accident Environment Simulation

Accidents in the transportation field often involve liquids dispersing in the atmosphere. An example is that of aircraft impacts, which can result in spreading fuel and a subsequent fire. Predicting the resulting environment is of interest for design, safety, and forensic applications. This environment is challenging for many reasons, one being the disparate time and length scales that are necessary to resolve for an accurate physical representation of the problem. A recent computational method appropriate for this class of problems has been described for modeling the impact and subsequent liquid spread. Because the environment is difficult to instrument and costly to test, the existing validation data are of limited scope and quality. A comparatively well instrumented test involving a rocket propelled cylindrical tank of water was performed, the results of which are helpful to understand the adequacy of the modeling methods. Existing data include estimates of drop sizes at several locations, final liquid surface deposition mass integrated over surface area regions, and video evidence of liquid cloud spread distances. Comparisons are drawn between the experimental observations and the predicted results of the modeling methods to provide evidence regarding the accuracy of the methods, and to provide guidance on the application and use of these methods.

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01493388
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 12 2013 1:41PM