Technologies to Monitor the Behavior of Alcohol-Involved Drivers

There has been a bounty of new and innovative developments in technology in the past 10 or more years that, if thoughtfully deployed, could support and extend efforts to reduce the alcohol road toll in the United States. Some of these technologies have been fully subjected to effectiveness–efficacy research, some partially evaluated, some exist as products in the marketplace but still await evaluation, and other promising approaches are still in development. In this report, six categories of technologies are discussed, and the evidence bearing on their adequacy and applications is described. Five of these categories represent alcohol-measuring technologies; one category of devices does not measure alcohol but plays a role in constraining the behavior of offenders convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI). With one exception, all products are directed toward the control of individual DUI offenders, or other types of problem drinkers. A few of the technologies could be configured to extend the monitoring and surveillance of excessive drinking to all drivers, perhaps at relicensing or other encounters. The author concludes that there appears to be two main paths that could reduce the alcohol road toll: to use more data-driven intensive monitoring and treatment services for the offenders who are captured and convicted, or to cast a wider net to facilitate detection of a higher proportion of alcohol-impaired drivers. Several of the technologies summarized could aid in achievement of either of those target objectives. The best results would probably come from a combination of both.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: pp 54-79
  • Monograph Title: Countermeasures to Address Impaired Driving Offenders: Toward an Integrated Model. A Symposium, August 15-16, 2011, Beckman Conference Center, Irvine, California
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01492430
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Sep 9 2013 9:48AM