Life-cycle cost analysis of highway noise barriers designed with photocatalytic cement

This study examines the environmental and economic feasibility of concrete noise barriers containing photocatalytic cement using a life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA). Photocatalytic concrete contains titanium dioxide (TiO2) which allows for the oxidation of air pollutants to occur on the surface of the building material. Design variables studied include the cementing material type (general use (GU) cement, ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) used as cement replacement, and photocatalytic (PCAT) cement), and the thickness of a photocatalytic concrete cover. The LCCA accounts for the CO2 and NOx generated during manufacturing and the NOx (NO, NO2) oxidised during the life of barriers containing photocatalytic concrete. A key outcome from this study revealed that at a 40-year service life, assuming a 6 mg/h/m2 NOx degradation rate, a barrier designed with 100%GU cement and a 25 mm photocatalytic concrete cover has an annual cost that is 7%, 30%, and 36% greater than the 100%GU, 35% and 50%GGBFS barriers without a photocatalytic cover, respectively. Results of this analysis also indicated that the application of a 25 mm photocatalytic concrete cover to concrete containing 35 and 50%GGBFS is more economically feasible than 100%GU concrete, irrespective of the service life and pollution degradation rate.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01493238
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 6 2013 11:57AM