The dynamic elasticity solution of a steady state crack is used for determination of the geometrical characteristics and of the displacement rates within the discrete crack zones which are formed as a result of the selective propagation of cleavage microcracks ahead of the tip of a running brittle crack in a mild steel plate. The zone length and the stress distribution in the zone are found to be strongly dependent on the assumed form of the stress-displacement relation for the progressively fracturing metal. On the other hand, the crack opening displacement rate is much less sensitive to the assumed form. The magnitudes of the nominal plastic strain rates, found by an approximate procedure, are of the order of 10 to the 5th power to 10 to the 6th power per second. A comparison with the results of dynamic tension tests on similar steels indicates that the flow stress at these strain rates would exceed the twinning stress, and therefore, it is suggested in agreement with experimental observations, that twinning is the principal deformation mode in the crack zone. Accordingly, the crack tip boundary conditions considered in the solution of crack propagation problems can be assumed as independent of crack velocity. Also, their possible dependence on temperature would not be related to the deformation mode in the crack zone.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Pergamon Press, Incorporated

    Maxwell House, Fairview Park
    Elmsford, NY  United States  10523
  • Authors:
    • Tang, H C
    • Dvorak, G J
  • Publication Date: 1973-2

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00046638
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Engineering Index
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 27 1973 12:00AM