The environmental efficiency of road and rail freight modes in the world

Comparação internacional da eficiência ambiental dos modos de transporte rodoviário e ferroviário

The society awakening for environmental sustainability encourages studies that assess the industry's environmental efficiency. Within this context lies the transport sector, which consists of a large portion of responsibility for the emission of greenhouse gases. Although there have been several studies related to Data Envelopment Analysis in Transportation and Environment, an application of this methodology specifically for the analysis of the CO2 emissions efficiency in the operation modes of rail and road transportation in the world was not observed in the literature review. Therefore, this study presents a model DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) to analyze the efficiency of 41 OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries in relation to the environmental perspective of their road and rail transport modes. It is worth emphasizing the importance of using advanced models in the DEA study, besides the modeling of CO2 emissions as unwanted output. The results indicate the efficiency of European Union countries, especially in Latvia and Lithuania. These results were confirmed by qualitative analysis, according to the literature review.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract used with permission of the Brazilian Transportation Planning Society (BTPS)
  • Authors:
    • Gabriele, Pedrita Dantas
    • Brandão, Luana Carneiro
    • Treinta, Fernanda Tavares
    • de Mello, João Carlos Correia Baptista S
    • Carvalhal, Raquel
  • Publication Date: 2013-1


  • English
  • Portuguese

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  • Accession Number: 01490744
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 22 2013 4:17PM