Impact of land use transformation on trip generation in Budapest

Changes in the political and economic structure transformed the land use pattern in and around Budapest in the past 20 years following the onset of democracy. Budapest consists of a relatively unchanged inner city, where the slow intensification of land use was compensated by decreasing population. The industrial tear around the city centre disintegrated, leaving vast brown filled areas for redevelopment. Underused areas, such as rail yards and depots added to the vacant land. On the other hand, mid-density and low density family housing areas sprawled in the suburbs. Finally, large shopping malls and hypermarkets dotted the landscape. The mixed land use pattern has been transformed to homogeneous, far-spaced developments. Local design code is very loose in terms of transportation considerations, resulting in highly public transport-unfriendly developments, even in the inner city. City policy is also fairly lenient in terms of requiring acceptable level of public transport development for new, intensive land use developments. The objective of this work is twofold. First, the authors are collecting extensive field data that will be used to estimate trip generation models for the new development types. Such land uses are supermarkets, hypermarkets, specialty stores, shopping malls, large office complexes, hotels, etc. Second, the field data will be used to analyse the longitudinal effect of changing land use patterns on the travel behaviour and particularly, mode choice. The hypothesis is that the lack of coordinated land use planning in Budapest resulted in non-sustainable changes in travel patterns, such as growth in private transport. While transportation infrastructure and rolling stock procurements to improve public transport are in the works (such as Metro Line 4), the gains of such projects are largely offset by the lack of coordination in the land use developments.

  • Record URL:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract used by permission of Association for European Transport.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Association for European Transport (AET)

    1 Vernon Mews, Vernon Street, West Kensington
    London W14 0RL,    
  • Authors:
    • Kelen, Csaba
    • Jenei, Gabor
    • Krasnyanszky, Zsofia
    • Pusztai, Adam
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 2011


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Bibliography; Figures; Maps; Tables;
  • Pagination: 23p
  • Monograph Title: European Transport Conference 2011: Seminars

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01489926
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 16 2013 11:37AM