Seismic Resistance of Socket Connection between Footing and Precast Column

A new concept has been developed for connecting spread footings and precast columns in bridges. The socket connection is constructed by precasting the column, erecting it, and casting the reinforced concrete footing around it. This system saves construction time on site because, in little more than the time needed to construct the footing, both the column and footing can be constructed. Site erection is facilitated by the fact that the field tolerances are essentially unlimited. The longitudinal column bars are straight and are terminated with mechanical anchors. This arrangement improves constructability, because no bars cross the interface between the column and footing, and it provides better transfer of forces in the connection region than is possible with conventional bent-out longitudinal bars. The surface of the column is roughened to improve adhesion to the surrounding cast-in-place concrete. Axial-load tests demonstrated that the connection can resist column axial loads far above those expected in practice. Cyclic, lateral-load tests demonstrated that the seismic performance of the connection is at least as good as, if not better than, that of a comparable cast-in-place system. The recent deployment of the new system in a highway overpass provided both field experience and initial estimates of the potential time savings.


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  • Accession Number: 01493564
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: Aug 14 2013 10:24AM