Automobile Safety in Children: A Review of North American Evidence and Recommendations

Despite falling rates in vehicle occupant deaths among children aged 1 to 3 year over the last three decades, motor vehicle crashes remain the leading cause of death among children aged 1 to 17 years, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Proper use of automobile restraint systems has been shown to decrease mortality and serious injury rates, but parental compliance in using child safety seats is poor and children are often not correctly restrained. Lack of fluency and awareness are primary reasons for improper use of automobile restraint systems; legislation and public service campaigns have the potential to increase this awareness. The authors suggest that physicians can educate patients and parents about automobile safety, and that education programs targeting automobile restraint safety should continue to be developed.


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  • Accession Number: 01488305
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 18 2013 3:36PM