LIGHTLY TRAFFICKED ROADS--USSR

LOW COST ROADS CONSTITUTE THE MAJOR PART OF THE COUNTRY'S ROAD NETWORK. THEIR LENGTH EXCEEDS 70 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL LENGTH OF THE ROAD NETWORK IN THE USSR. THE ANNUAL TRAFFIC VOLUME OF LOCAL ROADS IS VERY HIGH. IN THE SOVIET UNION, LOCAL ROADS CONNECTING URBAN CENTERS WITH THE ROAD NETWORK, ONE CENTER WITH ANOTHER CENTER, ACCESS ROADS AND COMMUNICATION ROADS OF DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS ARE CLASSIFIED AS LIGHTLY TRAFFICKED ROADS. TRAFFIC DENSITY ON LOCAL ROADS VARIES GREATLY ACCORDING TO THE CONDITIONS PECULIAR TO THE LOCALITY AND THE INDUSTRIAL OR AGRICULTURAL NATURE OF THE DISTRICT. SINCE ROAD TRAFFIC IS USUALLY OF A SEASONAL CHARACTER, THE DESIGN TRAFFIC DENSITY IS BASED ON THE DAILY TRAFFIC DENSITY (DURING THE PEAK PERIOD) OF THE SEASON OF THE HEAVIEST TRAFFIC, NOT ANNUAL TRAFFIC DENSITY. IN THE PROCESS OF THE CULTURAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF A REGION OR DISTRICT, THE CHOICE AND DESIGN OF THE GEOMETRIC AND STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF LOCAL ROADS ARE DETERMINED MAINLY BY TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC EXPEDIENCIES AND TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THAT LATER IMPROVEMENTS AND MODERNIZATION MUST NOT INVOLVE ANY WASTE OF FUNDS ALREADY INVESTED. THE TENDENCY NOW BEING TO USE THE STAGE METHOD FOR MODERNIZING MINOR ROADS, THEIR ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE WITHIN THE NETWORK IS A DECISIVE FACTOR IN THEIR SELECTION FOR FURTHER DEVELOPMENT. IN ORDER TO KEEP DOWN COSTS WHEN CONSTRUCTING LIGHTLY TRAFFICKED ROADS, LOCAL NON-STANDARD MATERIALS AND CERTAIN INDUSTRIAL WASTE PRODUCTS ARE USED IN THE SOVIET UNION TO GOOD EFFECT. IN THIS REPORT, LOCAL NON-STANDARD MATERIALS USED IN PAVEMENT CONSTRUCTION ARE CLASSIFIED, THE MEASURES CONSIDERED TO ENABLE MORE DURABLE PAVEMENT COURSES TO BE CONSTRUCTED ARE DISCUSSED, THE PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAVEL AND EARTH ROADS ARE REFERRED TO, AND RECOMMENDATIONS ARE MADE FOR STRENGTHENING PAVEMENTS IN HOT CLIMATES.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • QUESTION VII ANS-18
  • Authors:
    • Nikholayev, A A
    • Vasylyev, A P
    • Lazebnikov, M G
    • Erastov, A J
    • Rosov, J N
    • Slavutsky, A K
    • Keilman, B A
    • Malevansky, V V
  • Publication Date: 1971

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00233482
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 11 1974 12:00AM