Achievements and Lessons Learned in the EU Project Zero Regio

The project Zero Regio (Nov. 2004 – May 2010), co-financed by the European Commission within the 6th Framework Program, is briefly described. Zero Regio aimed at developing and demonstrating hydrogen infrastructure and fuel cell passenger vehicles in European cities. Demonstration activities have taken place in Germany and Italy. Hydrogen from three different sources was employed in fleet demonstration – chemical by-product in Germany and on-site as well as industrial natural gas reformer in Italy. Five Mercedes-Benz F-CELL vehicles, including one vehicle with 700 bar storage have been tested in the Frankfurt area in Germany and three Fiat Panda fuel-cell vehicles have been demonstrated in Mantova city area in Italy. Both fleets have gone through real-life driving cycles over a period of 3 years ending in November 2009. Experience with this demonstration is presented. Evaluation of data collected and analyzed during the demonstration is presented, providing important information on the performance, availability, maintenance requirements and consumption of the Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs) tested. Experience with refueling the FCVs is presented. At both sites, Frankfurt and Mantova, public multi-energy service stations have been built within the project. Significant characteristics of hydrogen infrastructure at these stations, such as high-pressure pipeline transport, on-site production, compression schemes, pre-cooling of hydrogen, dispenser designs and communication between vehicle and dispenser are described. The paper focuses on the demonstration experience in Germany highlighting some unexpected incidents. Some socioeconomic aspects and dissemination activities are also presented. Based on the demonstration experience, areas in both fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen infrastructure where further development is necessary are mentioned. Lessons learnt in the project such as in safety aspects, approval formalities and project management are described which should be useful for present and forthcoming larger demonstrations in the area of sustainable mobility.


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  • Accession Number: 01487804
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 9 2013 9:12AM