Basic comparison of the injury risk of a male and female dummy model in rear impact collisions

According to statistics rear impact collisions are one of the most common accidents in road traffic. Even though the death rate is low, whiplash associated disorders (WAD) are painful injuries and have a huge financial impact on society. Various studies (e.g. Jonsson 2008) have shown that the risk of sustaining WAD is up to three times higher for females. Nevertheless, development of anti-whiplash systems today is based only on the BioRID II (IIWPG – International Insurance Whiplash Prevention Groupe/IIHS – Insurance Institute for Highway Safety/SRA – Swedish Road Administration). Therefore, in the Adaptive Seat to Reduce Neck Injuries for Female and Male Occupants (ADSEAT) project ( a new numerical female model named EvaRID (Eva - female/RID - Rear Impact Dummy, 50th percentile female) was developed. The objective of the present study is to highlight the differences between BioRID II and EvaRID simulations during rear impact collisions. In these simulations a generic seat model and the three Euro New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) pulses (SRA 16 km/h, IIWPG 16km/h, SRA 24 km/h) were used. One novelty in this study is the possibility to use the EvaRID computational model to compare injury parameters of male and female passengers.

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    • Abstract reprinted with permission of IRCOBI (International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury).
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    International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury (IRCOBI)

    Winkelriedstrasse 27
    Zurich,   Switzerland  CH-8006
  • Authors:
    • Gutsche, Andreas
    • Tomasch, Ernst
    • Sinz, Wolfgang
    • Cerrillo, Xavier
    • Levallois, Ines
    • Schmitt, Kai-Uwe
    • Weber, Toni
    • Steffan, Hermann
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  • Publication Date: 2012


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01485058
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: IRC-12-34
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 23 2013 3:28PM