Influence of Gender, Height, Weight, Age, Seated Position and Collision Site related to Neck Pain Symptoms in Rear End Impacts

Rear end vehicle collisions can result in occupants suffering neck pain symptoms of varying degree and duration. These injuries are generally called whiplash injuries and they are common and costly. This study analyses the occurance and duration of neck pain symptoms of one particular vehicle make with a focus on the influence of occupant specific information. Data collected from a Swedish vehicle make, model year 1993 up to model year 2007 at a maximum of three years old, were analysed. The results from this study show that passengers are more likely than drivers to suffer neck pain symptoms, in crashes that occurred in that particular make of car. No significant differences in risk related to age, gender, weight, and height could be identified, except for: Females aged 35‐44 had higher risk to have long and medium term neck pain symptoms than males in the same age group. Males aged >=65 had higher risk to have long and medium term neck pain symptoms than males aged 35‐44. Females in group “Braking” had higher risk of any type of neck pain symptoms than males. Where the occupant was seated in the front seat of the car influenced the occurance of neck pain symptoms and their duration for both males and females, with passengers posing a higher risk of suffering neck pain symptoms compared to drivers. Of the drivers, 17% reported neck pain symptoms compared to 44% of the passengers. When grouped into the categories males and females, 15% of the male and 19% of the female drivers reported neck pain symptoms compared to 44% of the male and 43% of the female passengers. With respect to the different collision sites, rear end collisions at traffic lights most often resulted in occupants reporting neck pain symptoms. Collisions in roundabouts most often resulted in different impact scenarios and occupants reported suffering neck pain symptoms of mid and long term duration. The result of this study indicates the need for improved understanding of the differences between driver and passenger response in different driving scenarios. In addition, occupant characteristics should also be studied.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract reprinted with permission of IRCOBI (International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury).
  • Corporate Authors:

    International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury (IRCOBI)

    Winkelriedstrasse 27
    Zurich,   Switzerland  CH-8006
  • Authors:
    • Linder, Astrid
    • Olsen, Stefan
    • Eriksson, Jenny
    • Svensson, Mats Y
    • Carlsson, Anna
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 2012


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 235-248
  • Monograph Title: 2012 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings
  • Serial:

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01485063
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: IRC-12-31
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 23 2013 2:40PM