Relationship Between Downtown Automobile-Parking Conditions and Retail-Business Decentralization

This report includes three pieces of research, each of which lends a different, but kindred approach to the basic problem of determining the relationships of automobile parking to retail sales in the central marketing area and the degree to which parking problems may be responsible for movement of business to suburbs. The first study investigates the trend in relative importance of retailing activities in the central business district of the Detroit metropolitan area. An analysis was made of the statistical data from the 1939 and 1948 Censuses of Business, which pertain to retail sales volume and number of retail establishments in the downtown district, the remainder of the city, and outlying suburban areas. Together with this retailing pattern, for the same period, several relevant transportation factors were examined, such as automobile ownership, use of public transit, and population movements. The second phase, by means of mail questionnaires to a national sample of department stores, discloses the relative extent to which recognition of parking difficulties downtown has influenced decisions by retailing executives to establish suburban branch stores. Through depth interviews and questionnaires directed to businessmen and officials in selected Michigan cities of various population size, the final study attempts to measure the degree of participation of downtown merchants in efforts to relieve the parking shortage in their communities, whether by direct contribution, personal efforts, or adjustments in retailing techniques.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 93-113
  • Monograph Title: Parking as a Factor in Business: Containing Five Papers Presented at the Thirty-Second Annual Meeting, January 13-16, 1953
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01484525
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jun 20 2013 2:52PM