Fire Evacuation in Underground Transportation Systems: A Review of Accidents and Empirical Research

Fires in underground transportation systems such as tunnels and underground stations, can cause many fatalities and this has been proven by previous fire accidents. It is therefore important in fire safety design to give adequate consideration to all aspects related to evacuation. This paper provides guidance to engineers that are involved in the design of underground transportation systems and the paper creates a basis for future research in the area. A review of previously reported fire accidents and of empirical research is performed. The review of accidents is based on a theoretical framework, namely four accepted human behavior theories, which can be used in the fire safety design of underground transportation systems. The paper presents factors that are important for fire evacuation in these types of facilities, and data related to these factors are summarized. The review that is presented in this paper reveals many potential solutions to commonly observed evacuation problems. The paper also shows that there is room for further future research in the area.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 451-475
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01484872
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 19 2013 4:45PM