Design of full electric power steering with enhanced performance over that of hydraulic power-assisted steering

This paper presents a method of designing a full electrical power steering system to replace a hydraulic power-assisted steering system with improved performance and benefits including energy saving, improved steering ‘feel’, simpler construction and environmental gain. The designed performance of the electrical power steering system represented an ideal hydraulic power-assisted steering power boost curve which was mathematically modelled to provide the required control characteristic for the electrical power steering system, including variation in the perceived power assistance with the vehicle’s forward speed. A full electrical power steering system provides all the torque necessary to steer the wheels, and the steering feel is artificially generated by an electric ‘feedback’ motor which provides resistance to the driver’s input. The performance of the electrical power steering system described in this paper was enhanced by manipulating the reactive torque to the driver’s input at the steering wheel so that it depended upon the driving conditions. Full-vehicle software models were generated using ADAMS/car software based on an actual car fitted with hydraulic power-assisted steering and full electrical power steering. The simulation results from both models were compared, and it is concluded that the steering performances of both systems were similar but the steering feel of the full electrical power steering system could be tuned to provide improved feedback to the driver in use. The performance of the full electrical power steering system could be further improved with the introduction of a controller to manipulate the steering feel during undesired conditions.


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  • Accession Number: 01481947
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 21 2013 12:01PM