Integrated Hedging and Network Planning for Container Shipping's Bunker Fuel Management

The costs of bunker fuel could account for 50-60% of a ship's total operating cost in times of high fuel prices. The volatility of the bunker market over recent years has contributed to significant instability of cash flows for shipping lines. In this article, the authors consider two of the bunker fuel risk management measures employed by container shipping companies to reduce bunker fuel price risk--re-planning of network configuration and financial hedging of bunker fuel prices. The current industry practice is that the network planning and bunker hedging functions are carried out separately and sequentially. Specifically, the liner network is first planned to decide the ports of call, routes, fleet size, vessel types, and subsequently bunker hedging is performed based on the projected bunker fuel consumption and the forecast of bunker fuel price. This article shows the interdependencies between network planning and bunker hedging practices. By a numerical example using decision tree analysis, the authors illustrate the benefits of using an integrated planning approach that combines network planning and bunker hedging over the widely practiced sequential planning approach. The authors find that the integrated planning allows shipping lines to identify all available planning options and enables them to make decisions that could better meet the company's managerial priorities in terms of cost, transit time and risk.


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01484377
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 16 2013 11:54AM