Can the Concept of Environmental Justice in Transport be Transferred to Cities of the South? A Case Study of Nairobi

Environmental justice (EJ) describes the equal access to environmental resources as well as equal protection from adverse effects and environmental hazards, independent from the socioeconomic background of the individual like age, gender, income or ethnic group. This paper merges aspects of environmental justice with current trans- portation planning activities in Nairobi, Kenya. Based on a literature anal- ysis, the paper introduces studies and project plans on urban transport in Nairobi as well asthe concept of EJ. In the second part, results from in-depth interviews with stakeholders from government agencies, NGO, international donor agencies, consultants and researchers are presented and evaluated. The qualitative and quantitative results show that a large majority of the population is far from being able to afford motorized transport. Even indirect positive benefits to those disadvantaged people were not pointed out during the interviews. Instead, the disadvantaged people have to carry a burden of anunacceptableinfrastructurefor NMT-users,dangeroflifeduetoaccidents and longterm health effects from air pollution and noise. In comparison to developed countries, the magnitudeof environmentalinjusticediffersgreatly in absolute terms. In contrast, the perception for EJ turned out to be very low during most of the interviews.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 18p
  • Monograph Title: CODATU XV: The role of urban mobility in (re)shaping cities

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01481600
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: UC Berkeley Transportation Library
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: May 14 2013 4:26PM