SETTLEMENT OF HIGHWAY BRIDGE APPROACHES AND EMBANKMENT FOUNDATIONS, BLUEGRASS PARKWAY BRIDGES OVER CHAPLIN RIVER

THE REPORT EXAMINES THE CAUSE OF A DIFFERENTIAL SETTLEMENT BETWEEN THE HIGHWAY APPROACH EMBANKMENTS AND BRIDGE DECKS AND ABUTMENT TILTING AT A BRIDGE SITE LOCATED ON THE BLUEGRASS PARKWAY IN KENTUCKY. THE SITE CONTAINS SEVERAL DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE FEATURES AND SOIL TYPES THAT ARE TYPICAL OF MANY BRIDGE SITES IN KENTUCKY. THE APPROACH EMBANKMENTS ARE SIDE-HILL FILLS. THE APPROACH PAVEMENTS HAVE SETTLED SEVERAL INCHES AND HAVE BEEN PATCHED ON NUMEROUS OCCASIONS. EACH OF THE FOUR ABUTEMENTS GIVE THE APPEARANCE OF HAVING TILTED BACKWARD TOWARD THE BACKFILL. HOWEVER, CLOSER EXAMINATION SHOWS THAT THE ABUTEMENTS HAVE MOVED LATERALLY TOWARD THE BRIDGE ENDS AND ARE BEARING AGAINST THE STEEL GIRDER SPANS. SLOPE INCLINOMETER READINGS OBTAINED AT EACH APPROACH EMBANKMENT OVER A TWO-YEAR PERIOD SHOWS THAT THE APPROACH FILLS HAVE MOVED LATERALLY TOWARD THE BRIDGE ENDS SOME THREE INCHES. THE FRONT PORTION OF THE WESTERN FILL FAILED IN 1969, SOME FOUR YEARS AFTER CONSTRUCTION, AND EXPOSED SEVERAL FEET OF PILING. SHEAR STRENGTH OF THE EMBANKMENT AND FOUNDATION SOILS WERE ESTABLISHED FROM CONSOLIDATED ISOTROPIC, UNDRAINED TRIAXIAL TESTS WITH PORE PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS AND CONSOLIDATED DRAINED, DIRECT SHEAR TESTS. SLOPE STABILITY ANALYSISES WERE PERFORMED USING A COMPUTERIZED SOLUTION OF BISHOP'S SIMPLIFIED METHOD OF SLICES. STUDY RESULTS SHOW THAT THE APPROACHES SETTLED AS A RESULT OF EMBANKMENT INSTABILITY DUE TO PROGRESSIVE FAILURE. BASED ON PEAK SHEARING STRENGTH OF THE SOILS, THE LONG-TERM SAFETY FACTORS WERE ABOUT 0.70. CONSEQUENTLY, THE WESTERN EMBANKMENT FAILED APPARENTLY AS A RESULT OF A (TIME-CONDITIONED) GRADUAL DECREASE OF THE SHEAR STRENGTH OF THE SOILS. SLOPE INDICATOR DATA INDICATE THAT PROGRESSIVE FAILURE IS SPREADING; MOVEMENT OF THE EMBANKMENTS IS CONTINUING. STABILITY OF THE APPROACH FILLS, ABUTMENTS AND PILES IS PRECARIOUS. SEVERAL REMEDIAL SOLUTIONS ARE DESCRIBED. /KDOT/

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 39 p.
  • Serial:
    • Issue Number: 356

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00233374
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Interim
  • Files: TRIS, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: Sep 17 1973 12:00AM