Parametric search and problem decomposition for approximating Pareto-optimal paths

The multiobjective shortest path problem arises in many transportation and logistics applications, either as a stand-alone network routing problem or a subroutine of a more complex multiobjective network optimization problem. It has been addressed by different solution strategies, including labeling methods, ranking methods, constraint methods, and parametric methods. Increasing attention has been paid to parametric methods in recent years, partially because of its simple algorithmic logic and its flexibility of being used in different user-preference decision-making environments. The core idea of a parametric algorithm is scalarization, by which a multiobjective shortest path problem can be tackled by repeatedly solving a single-objective subproblem. However, existing parametric algorithms suffer two notorious deficiencies, which considerably limit its further applications: first, typical subroutines for the single-objective subproblem in general cannot capture nonextreme Pareto-optimal paths; second, parametric algorithms for biobjective problems cannot be directly extended to solving multiobjective problems. This paper provides some algorithmic improvements that can partially overcome these deficiencies. In particular, the contribution of this work is twofold: first, in the biobjective parametric solution framework, the authors propose an approximate label-setting algorithm for the parameterized, constrained single-objective subproblem, which is capable of identifying all extreme paths and a large percentage (i.e., 85-100%) of nonextreme paths; second, the authors suggest a general projection scheme that can decompose a multiobjective problem into a number of biobjective problems. The approximate parametric algorithm runs in polynomial time. The algorithmic design and solution performance of the algorithm for multiobjective shortest path problems are illustrated, and numerically evaluated and compared with a benchmark algorithm in terms of solution completeness and efficiency.


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  • Accession Number: 01449571
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 19 2012 3:52PM