Energy and transport: strategies for energy conservation in urban passenger transport

Before proceeding to explore potential strategies for energy conservation in urban passenger transport, this paper presents some evidence firstly on energy efficiencies of various transport modes and secondly on travel behaviour under energy constraints. Knowledge of the relative energy efficiencies of different modes of transport is evidently necessary for analysing and developing policies for fuel conservation. While the automobile does appear to be significantly more energy intensive than public transport modes, this does not automatically indicate that a policy to attract people to public transport would lead to the maximum possible fuel savings. Available evidence on travel behaviour under energy constraints indicates that the elasticity of travel demand is very small. Increasing prices, within the range expected, are not likely to result in satisfactory fuel savings, and it is therefore necessary to consider alternative strategies, such as improving fuel efficiency of automobiles, increasing efficiency of automobile travel by promoting higher occupancies and 'trip stringing', attracting car travellers to public transport, technological change, reducing travel needs by changing land use patterns and improving communications.


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 43P
  • Serial:
    • Issue Number: 173

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01440502
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • ISBN: 0858373424
  • Files: ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 24 2012 11:00PM