Injury patterns with and without seat belts

The paper describes a specific analysis of the injuries received by 387 fatally injured occupants of cars and car derivatives from the first two years of the survey. Sufficient agreement with the injuries described by Hossack was found to identify the more common injuries among fatalities as fractures of the skull, facial bones, chest and thigh, haemothorax, and damage to the brain, lungs, aorta, spleen and liver. The injuries of fatally injured occupants with and without seat belts were compared. The injury patterns of 6526 occupant casualties from the same two years were also analysed. While the injuries commonly associated with fatalities were much less common among the casualties, all except spleen damage were found to be significantly more likely to have been sustained by occupants not wearing seat belts. Whiplash injury and transient cervical spinal cord damage, which were apparently not common among fatalities, were found to occur significantly more often to seat belt wearers.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 424-7
  • Monograph Title: Proceedings of the sixth International Conference of the International Association for Accident and Traffic Medicine, January 31 - February 4, 1977, Melbourne, Australia

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01440011
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • Files: ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 24 2012 10:46PM