A SURVEY OF THE LITERATURE ON INTER-COMMUNITY TRAFFIC

A RESEARCH PROJECT WAS CONDUCTED TO STUDY ONE FORM OF INTER-COMMUNITY LINKAGE IN ONE PARTICULAR LOCALE AT ONE PARTICULAR TIME AND BETWEEN ONE CENTRAL COMMUNITY AND THE COMMUNITIES LOCATED AROUND IT. THE ULTIMATE OBJECTIVE IS TO RELATE INTER-COMMUNITY TRAFFIC DATA BETWEEN CHAMPAIGN-URBANA AND OTHER COMMUNITIES IN EAST CENTRAL ILLINOIS WITH THE COMMUNITIES' POPULATION, ECONOMIC, LOCATIONAL, AND LAND-USE DATA THAT ARE THOUGHT TO BE RELEVANT TO THE TRAFFIC GENERATED BETWEEN THEM AND CHAMPAIGN-URBANA. THESE RELATIONSHIPS ARE EXPRESSED IN THE FORM OF STATISTICAL FORMULAS OR MODELS. A SURVEY WAS CONDUCTED OF THE LITERATURE ON INTER-COMMUNITY LINKAGE TO: (1) PROVIDE THE PROJECT STAFF WITH GENERAL BACKGROUND AND KNOWLEDGE ON INTER-COMMUNITY LINKAGE AND TRAFFIC, (2) IDENTIFY FROM EXISTING LITERATURE THE CURRENT HYPOTHESES ESSENTIAL TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK TO USE IN THE PROJECT, (3) RELATE THESE HYPOTHESES TO THE PRESENT PROJECT, AND (4) COMPILE AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY THAT COULD BE OF USE IN OTHER PROJECTS DEALING WITH INTER-COMMUNITY TRAFFIC. FOUR ELEMENTS IN THE DEFINITION OF LINKAGE RECUR THROUGH THE LITERATURE: THE ITEM THAT IS MOVED, THE TWO OR MORE GEOGRAPHIC AREAS BETWEEN THIS MOVEMENT OCCURS, THE CHANNELS THROUGH WHICH THE MOVEMENT OCCURS, AND THE PURPOSE OF THIS MOVEMENT. LINKAGE CAN BE BROADLY DEFINED AS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TWO GEOGRAPHIC AREAS INVOLVING THE MOVEMENT OF ITEMS OF COMMUNICATION, PEOPLE, VEHICLES OR GOODS BETWEEN THEM ALONG CERTAIN CHANNELS AND FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES. A FIFTH ELEMENT ESSENTIAL TO MEASUREMENT, IS THAT OF THE TIME INTERVAL WHERE LINKAGE IS OBSERVED AND MEASURED. THE TOTAL TRAFFIC INTERCHANGE BETWEEN TWO COMMUNITIES MAY BE REGARDED AS THE SUMMATION OF TWO TYPES OF MOVEMENT: TRIPS PRODUCED BY THE FIRST COMMUNITY AND ATTRACTED BY THE SECOND TOGETHER WITH THEIR RETURN TRIPS, AND TRIPS PRODUCED BY THE SECOND COMMUNITY AND ATTRACTED BY THE FIRST, INCLUDING RETURN TRIPS. A COMMUNITY'S CAPACITY TO ATTRACT TRIPS IS NOT NECESSARILY THE SAME AS ITS CAPACITY TO PRODUCE TRIPS. FOR THIS REASON, THE LITERATURE SURVEY WAS GEARED TO IDENTIFYING THE VARIABLES THAT AFFECT BOTH TRIP PRODUCTION AND ATTRACTION AS WELL AS THOSE THAT AFFECT TRIP PRODUCTION OR TRIP ATTRACTION ALONE.

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  • Authors:
    • Marcou, G T
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1962

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Appendices; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 302-318
  • Monograph Title: Trip characteristics and traffic assignment
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00227911
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 15 2004 2:36AM