GEOLOGICAL HAZARDS AND CITIES

CITY PLANNING REQUIRES RECOGNITION OF GEOLOGICAL FEATURES AND PROVISION FOR THEIR UNIQUE BEHAVIOR. FAULT ZONES AND LANDSLIDE-PRONE REGIONS SHOULD BE UTILIZED AS OPEN SPACES. MINERAL RESOURCES SHOULD BE LOCATED AND CONSERVED. GEOCHEMICAL HAZARDS SHOULD BE DELINEATED AND DEFENSIVE TECHNIQUES ADOPTED. THE HAZARDS (EARTHQUAKES, LANDSLIDES, POLLUTION, AND RESOURCE DEPLETION) AND THEIR CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES ARE TABULATED AND DISCUSSED IN DETAIL. PRECAUTIONS AGAINST EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE ARE LISTED: ADEQUATE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS; IMPLEMENTATION OF ZONING CODES; MAKING AVAILABLE INSURANCE PROGRAMS FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION; AND ADOPTION OF EMERGENCY MEASURES FOR MINIMIZING EFFECTS OF DISASTER. THE RECOGNITION OF LANDSLIDE SITUATIONS, CORRECTIVE AND PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES, LANDSLIDE CASE HISTORIES AND THEIR HIGH COST ARE DETAILED. VARIATION IN CONCENTRATION OF SOME CHEMICAL ELEMENTS IN THE ENVIRONMENT WHICH MAY CAUSE A TRACE ELEMENT IMBALANCE IN MAN ARE DISCUSSED. THE PROBLEMS OF RECOGNIZING GEOLOGICAL HAZARDS AND TAKING REMEDIAL AND CORRECTIVE MEASURES RREQUIRES PROFESSIONAL EXPERTISE AND COMPETENCE. THE LITTLE USE MADE OF GEOLOGICAL PERSONNEL IN CURRENT ATTEMPTS AT RESOLUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS IS DEPLORED. THE PROBLEM SOLVING CONTRIBUTIONS, AND APPLICATIONS OF THE SCIENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL SITUATIONS MUST BE STRESSED.

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 21-42

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00230149
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 4 1973 12:00AM