SOIL AND FOUNDATION ENGINEERING IN THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS: INTRODUCTION

EXCHANGE VISITS WERE ARRANGED BETWEEN THE SOVIET UNION AND THE UNITED STATES BY THE HIGHWAY RESEARCH BOARD AND THE SOIL MECHANICS AND FOUNDATIONS DIVISION OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS AND THE U. S. NATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF SOIL MECHANICS AND FOUNDATION ENGINEERING. THE SOVIET DELEGATION PARTICIPATED IN VARIOUS REGIONAL SEMINARS AND THE PAPERS PRESENTED AT THESE SEMINARS ARE PRESENTED HEREIN. MEMBERS OF THE AMERICAN DELEGATION PRESENTED PREPARED PAPERS AT SEMINARS HELD IN MOSCOW, KIEV AND LENINGRAD. THE AMERICAN DELEGATION FELT THAT THE ENTIRE EXCHANGE WAS PRODUCTIVE AND WORTHWHILE, BOTH IN TERMS OF THE KNOWLEDGE GAINED, AND IN TERMS OF POTENTIAL LONG-TERM EXCHANGES OF INFORMATION AND EXPERIENCES. THE U. S. DELEGATION HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO VISIT FOUR RESEARCH OR DESIGN INSTITUTES IN MOSCOW, THE UKRAINIAN ACADEMY OF CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECTURE IN KIEV, THE LOCAL BRANCH OF THE ACADEMY OF CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECTURE IN LENINGRAD, AND THE CITY TRUST OF GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING AND MAPPING IN MOSCOW. A REVIEW IS PRESENTED OF THE REPORTS AND NUMEROUS PIECES OF APPARATUS FOR LABORATORY AND FIELD TESTING OF SOILS OBSERVED. EXAMPLES ARE PRESENTED OF THE PORE PRESSURE MEASURING DEVICES OBSERVED AND METHODS OF CONSOLIDATION. THE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FROST STUDIES IN MOSCOW SHOWED EXTENSIVE WORK IN THE POSSIBILITY OF REDUCING THE RATE OF FROST HEAVING BY REPLACING DIVALENT IONS (SUCH AS CALCIUM) IN THE SOIL WATER WITH MONOVALENT IONS (SUCH AS SODIUM). AN EXTENSIVE INVESTIGATION TO EVALUATE THE STABILITY AND DEFORMATION CHARACTERISTICS OF FROZEN GROUND WAS IN PROGRESS. THE UKRAINIAN ACADEMY OF CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECTURE AT KIEV WERE STUDYING: (1) METHODS OF REDUCING THE WEIGHT OF BUILDINGS THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT OF VARIOUS TYPES OF LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATES, (2) THE DEVELOPMENT OF METHODS FOR UTILIZATION OF LOCAL MATERIALS FOR CONSTRUCTION WORK, AND (3) THE INTRODUCTION OF NEW INDUSTRIAL ELEMENTS FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS. THE LENINGRAD POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE SHOWED THE FOLLOWING WORK IN SOIL MECHANICS: (1) DISTRIBUTION OF CONTACT PRESSURE FOR FOOTINGS OF SLABS ON GROUND, (2) CONSOLIDATION OF CLAYS, AND (3) LIQUIFACTION OF SANDS.

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 1-45
  • Monograph Title: SOIL AND FOUNDATION ENGINEERING IN THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00229817
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jul 21 2001 12:00AM