GENESIS AND COMPOSITION OF PEAT DEPOSITS

A DETAILED BOTANICAL ANALYSIS IS PRESENTED OF THE HORIZONS OF FIVE PEAT DEPOSITS, RESPECTIVELY REPRESENTATIVE OF EACH OF THE TYPES OF PEAT DEPOSITS OF THE EXTENSIVELY CULTIVATED AREAS OF NEW YORK. IT WAS FOUND THAT: (1) THE SUCCESSION OF PLANT ASSOCIATIONS WHICH BRINGS ABOUT THE FORMATION OF A PEAT DEPOSIT IS A REFLECTION OF THE NATURE OF THE UNDERLYING MATERIAL, (2) THE QUALITY OF THE PEAT LAND IS DIRECTLY CONNECTED TO THE NATURE OF THE MATERIAL ON WHICH IT RESTS, (3) THREE PRINCIPAL TYPES OF PEAT (WOODY, SEDIMENTARY AND FIBROUS) ARE USUALLY FOUND IN THE SAME PEAT DEPOSIT, IN DIFFERENT LAYERS, (4) THE TYPES OF PEAT FOUND IN ONE DEPOSIT WERE ARRANGED IN THE FOLLOWING ORDER FROM TOP TO BOTTOM: WOODY PEAT, FIBROUS PEAT AND SEDIMENTARY PEAT, AND (5) CLIMATE, TOPOGRAPHY AND WATER RELATIONSHIPS ARE IMPORTANT FACTORS IN THE NATURAL DEVELOPMENT OF A PARTICULAR TYPE OF PEAT.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Cornell University

    Agricultural Experiment Station
    Ithaca, NY  USA  14850
  • Authors:
    • Wilson, B D
    • Eames, A J
    • Staker, E V
  • Publication Date: 1936

Language

  • English

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00231399
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Memoir 188
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 15 2004 2:24AM