THE POTENTIAL FOR BUS RAPID TRANSIT

THIS STUDY FOCUSES ON THOSE ELEMENTS IN URBAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING WHICH HAVE PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE POTENTIAL ROLE OF MOTOR BUS SYSTEMS. THE CONCEPT OF METERING EXPRESS BUSES INTO FREEWAY LANES, AND RESTRICTING THE VOLUME OF TRAFFIC ON THE FREEWAY TO NUMBERS THAT WILL PERMIT FREE FLOW AT ALL TIMES, LEADS DIRECTLY TO THE LARGER CONCEPT OF URBAN "TRANSPORTATION CORRIDOR" PLANNING. UNDER THIS APPROACH, A WIDE RIGHT-OF-WAY IS ACQUIRED AND USED INITIALLY AS AN ARTERIAL STREET, WITH SPECIAL TURNOUTS FOR BUS STOPS. THE SECOND STEP IS CONVERSION TO A FREEWAY, WITH PREFERENTIAL METERING OF BUSES INTO THE FREEWAY WHEN PEAK VOLUMES APPROACH FREEWAY CAPACITIES. EXCLUSIVE BUS LANES, SPECIAL BUSWAYS AND OTHER IMPROVEMENTS WOULD BE INTRODUCED WHEN TRANSIT VOLUMES REQUIRE THEM. THE INITIATION OF BUS RAPID-TRANSIT SERVICE WOULD COME AT A TIME WHEN CUSTOMER DEMAND WAS WELL BELOW THE LEVEL NEEDED TO SUSTAIN A RAIL SERVICE. WHILE BUS RAPID-TRANSIT SYSTEMS INVOLVE RELATIVELY LITTLE COST FOR CAPITAL FACILITIES, BUS OPERATING COSTS INCREASE MORE RAPIDLY THAN RAIL SYSTEM OPERATING COSTS AS PATRONAGE GROWS. CONVERSION OF BUSWAYS TO RAIL TRANSIT CAN BE CARRIED OUT AS THE CORRIDOR TRANSIT DEMANDS REACH A LEVEL WHERE THE ECONOMIES OF RAIL SYSTEMS FOR HANDLING LARGE PASSENGER VOLUMES JUSTIFY THE CHANGE IN MODE. /AUTHOR/

  • Corporate Authors:

    AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION

    DETROIT, MICH.:
    ,    
  • Publication Date: 1970-2

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00227973
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 68 pp
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 22 1970 12:00AM