The reverse osmosis process is discussed with particular reference to systems involving aqueous solutions and Loeb-Sourirajan-type porous cellulose acetate membranes. Mechanisms of the process and porous cellulose acetate membrane technology are briefly reviewed. Based on a general capillary diffusion model for the transport equations applicable for the entire range of solute separation are presented. The results of the analysis and correlations of experimental reverse osmosis data are illustrated. On the basis of the above equations and correlations, methods of membrane specification, expressing membrane selectivity, and predicting membrane performance are outlined. Reverse osmosis is then treated as a unit operation in chemical engineering. A set of general equations for reverse osmosis process design is then derived for reverse osmosis systems specified in terms of membrane specifications and operating conditions. /Author/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Report on Flow Through Porous Media Symposium.
  • Corporate Authors:

    American Chemical Society

    1155 16th Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20036

    National Research Council of Canada

    1200 Montreal Road
    Ottawa, Ontario  Canada  K1A 0R6
  • Authors:
    • Sourirajan, S
    • Agrawal, J P
  • Publication Date: 1969-11

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

  • Subject Areas: Environment; Marine Transportation;

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00005976
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: NRC-11050
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 27 1979 12:00AM