THE PROBLEM OF PARKING FACILITIES

THE PARKING PROBLEM IS DISCUSSED IN TERMS OF THE GENERAL PROBLEM OF PROVIDING A COMPLETE HIGHWAY TRANSPORTATION SERVICE, AND IN RELATION TO THE GENERAL TRANSPORTATION PROBLEM OF URBAN AREAS AND THE GENERAL PROBLEM OF CITY PLANNING. THREE TYPES OF PARKING FACILITIES ARE DESCRIBED: COMMERCIAL, PRIVATE, AND MUNICIPAL. COST CONDITIONS ARE DESCRIBED FOR EACH OF THESE TYPES OF OPERATION AND CONSIDERATION IS GIVEN TO METHODS OF EQUITABLE PAYMENT. IT IS FOUND THAT THERE ARE NUMEROUS INADEQUACIES IN CURRENT PROVISION OF TERMINAL ACCOMMODATIONS BY PRIVATE INITIATIVE AND IN VIEW OF THESE, THE FOLLOWING MEANS ARE SUGGESTED BY WHICH GOVERNMENT MAY ASSUME ITS PROPER RESPONSIBILITY. (1) MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS MIGHT ENCOURAGE PRIVATE OPERATORS BY ELIMINATING LICENSE FEES ON PARKING LOTS, BY LOWERING PROPERTY ASSESSMENTS ON LAND USED FOR PARKING, OR BY THE ABATEMENT OF TAXES ON SUCH PROPERTY. THESE CONCESSIONS WOULD RESULT IN THE REDUCTION OF PARKING COSTS, ON THE PRINCIPLE THAT THE BENEFIT OF PARKING FACILITIES WOULD INCREASE SURROUNDING LAND VALUES AND HELP TO REHABILITATE THE CITY. MIGHT ALSO ASSIST PRIVATE ENTERPRISE BY FURNISHING ADEQUATE STREET APPROACHES, BY ENFORCING STREET PARKING RESTRICTIONS, BY LEASING PUBLIC LANDS TO PRIVATE OPERATORS, AND BY PLANNING THE MOST DESIRABLE LOCATIONS AND DESIGNS FOR FUTURE PARKING FACILITIES. ENACTMENT OF BUILDING CODES REQUIRING THE PROVISION OF OFF-STREET FACILITIES FOR NEW BUILDINGS SHOULD BE EXTENDED. (3) THE SUCCESS AND GROWTH OF MUNICIPAL PARKING ACCOMODATIONS SUGGESTS FURTHER DEVELOPMENT OF PUBLIC OWNERSHIP AND OPERATION AND THE PASSAGE OF NECESSARY LEGISLATION TO PERMIT THE ACQUISITION AND FINANCING OF LAND FOR THIS PURPOSE. (4) STATE GOVERNMENTS MIGHT CONTRIBUTE TO A SOLUTION BY PERMITTING THE USE OF REVENUE BONDS FOR PARKING FACILITIES AND THE SERVICING OF THESE WITH SHARES OF STATE MOTOR-VEHICLE REVENUES AT PRESENT BEING MADE AVAILABLE FOR MUNICIPAL STREETS. (5) THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT MIGHT ASSIST IN FURNISHING LAND BY RFC LOANS OR THE DEMOLITION OF CONDEMNED BUILDINGS THROUGH WPZ, AND BY SPONSORING ADEQUATE SURVEYS AND PLANNING OF PARKING NEEDS. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Vol 20, pp 27-43; part of Report of the Department of Finance
  • Authors:
    • MACDONALD, T H
  • Publication Date: 1941

Media Info

  • Monograph Title: Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Meeting of the Highway Research Board Held at Washington, D.C. December 3-6, 1940
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00225970
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Oct 18 1971 12:00AM