ALCOHOL AND MOTOR VEHICLE DRIVERS

ALTHOUGH BEVERAGE ALCOHOL APPEARS TO GIVE SUBJECTIVE STIMULANT ACTION TO A PERSON, ITS REAL EFFECT IS A DEPRESSANT ACTION ON MOST OF THE FUNCTIONS OF BODY AND MIND. THE ALCOHOL EFFECT WHICH INTERFERES WITH DRIVING ABILITY IS FOURFOLD: (1) A POORER GRADE OF ATTENTION TO EXTERNAL SIGNALS AND ENVIRONMENT; (2) SLOWER RESPONSES OF EYES, HANDS AND FEET; (3) LESS DEPENDABLE, THAT IS MORE VARIABLE, MUSCULAR RESPONSES; (4) INCREASED SELF ASSURANCE WHICH PROMPTS TO THE ASSUMPTION OF RIGHT-OF-WAY AND WILLINGNESS TO TAKE A CHANCE. ALTHOUGH ALCOHOL IS DIRECTLY MENTIONED IN ONLY 7 TO 10 PER CENT OF FATAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS, IT IS THE BELIEF OF INFORMED TRAFFIC OFFICIALS THAT ONE-THIRD OF SUCH ACCIDENTS ARE AT LEAST PARTLY CHARGEABLE TO USE OF ALCOHOL BY THE DRIVER. OFFICIALS NEED A METHOD TO DEFINITELY DETERMINE WHETHER A DRIVER IS INTOXICATED AS A BASIS FOR COURT ACTION. DETERMINATION OF PERCENTAGE OF ALCOHOL IN THE BLOOD OR URINE BY BIOCHEMICAL MEANS IS A FEASIBLE UNDERTAKING. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Vol 13, ParT I, PP 362 - 381, 62 REF; part of Report of Committee on Highway Traffic
  • Authors:
    • Miles, W R
    • Matthews, W W
    • Moyer, R A
    • Marsh, B W
  • Publication Date: 1934

Media Info

  • Monograph Title: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the Highway Research Board Held at Washington, D.C. December 7-8, 1933. Part I: Reports of Research Committees and Papers
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00223303
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Aug 23 1971 12:00AM